What do numbers mean on bottom of pottery?

Hallmark and Numbers

The markings on fine china are like fingerprints that can lead you to the identity of the manufacturer or the artist, and the piece’s age and origin. Marks may appear as letters, symbols, numbers, dates, logos or even signatures, based on the company or potter who made the item.

Also Know, how do I know if I have redware pottery? American-Made Redware Not always of the best quality, you can identify American-made Earthenware by its crude and coarse appearance, minimal glazing — sometimes on half the container — and rusty orange to dark brown clay or glaze colors. Early American redware usually did not contain a fabrique mark.

Accordingly, how can you tell if pottery is antique?


  1. Check the weight, then the bottom.
  2. Check the color, then the design of the bottom – whether a dry foot, flat bottom, wedged base, ridged bottom or stilts.
  3. Then, identify the piece by style, glaze, or some other identifier.
  4. Confirm your conclusion by checking in a book or the internet.

How do I know if my tea set is antique?

Examine writing on the bottom of the tea set. If there are handwritten marks, the tea set is made before the 1800s, before stamping was used. If the tea set has a stamped logo, lettering and/or numbers that are not blue, the set was made after 1850. Any tea set with a logo or trademark is made after 1862.

What does fine bone china mean?

Bone china is a type of porcelain that is composed of bone ash, feldspathic material, and kaolin. It has been defined as “ware with a translucent body” containing a minimum of 30% of phosphate derived from animal bone and calculated calcium phosphate.

How can you tell fine bone china?

If you hold up any piece of bone china up to a light and place your hand behind it, you should be able to see your fingers through it. Bone china also has a certain clear ring if you flick the edge of a cup or plate with your fingernail.

How do I identify my bone china mark?

Tips for Determining Type If you can see a lot of light coming through the piece, you most likely have china with bone ash in it. Examine the color. Noritake also notes that the color of bone china tends to be more ivory than white. If your piece is pure white, it is more likely to be hard or soft porcelain.

When did England start?

The “Made in England” stamp began appearing on some Wedgwood china pieces in 1898. In 1908 the stamp replaced the updated Wedgwood mark that had featured the word “England” for general use. In 1860 the Wedgwood factory began marking their wares with a three-letter code to indicate the date of the piece’s manufacture.

When was made in England first used?

This system was used from 1842 – 1881 as a means of protecting a particular pattern (or shape of ware) from piracy for a three-year period. The system could also be used by foreign manufacturers, so the presence of a lozenge does not guarantee a British origin.

When did Made in England stop?

So, an item bearing the words – England – or another country, will have been produced on or after 1891. Similarly – Made In England – will date a piece to after 1921. Printed or Stamped marks in colours other than blue tend to be post 1850. The use of the word Royal before a company name tends to be used after 1850.

What is the most expensive pottery?

Qianlong Vase – $53 Million In a recent auction, the Chinese Qianlong vase set a new record as the most expensive porcelain item ever sold in an auction, when it sold for an astounding $53 million. This 18th century vase is approximately 16 inches tall and elaborately decorated with images of fishes.

How old is marked Japan?

Simply, Nippon means Japan and while the “Nippon” mark served its purpose to comply with the McKinley Tariff Act of 1891 for the next thirty years, Customs Officials decided, in 1921, that any piece imported from Japan should be marked “Japan” and not marked “Nippon.” So, the “Nippon” mark was no longer the

How do I know if my antiques are valuable?

There are several steps involved in identifying an antique. First, examine the silver for marks. Use a silver hallmark guide like the ones on Antique Cupboard or the Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks to identify the manufacturer. From there, examine all the patterns made by this manufacturer, and match one to yours.

What is the most collectible china?

How To Identify The 10 Most Popular China Patterns Blue Fluted – Royal Copenhagen. Via. Old Country Roses – Royal Albert. Via. Blue Italian – Spode. Via. Woodland – Spode. Via. Flora Danica – Royal Copenhagen. Via. Ming Dragon Red – Meissen. Via. His Majesty – Johnson Brothers. Via. Botanic Garden – Portmeirion. Via.

Is Stangl pottery valuable?

Stangl Pottery was a company in Flemington (and later Trenton), New Jersey, that manufactured a line of hand-painted dinnerware known as “Stangl ware”. The company ceased production and closed in 1978, but the dinnerware is still prized by collectors as “a truly unique American folk-art product”.

Are old dishes worth anything?

Dishes usually have a “back stamp” on the back which identifies the name of the manufacturer. This same marking may reveal the name of the city or the country where the plate was made, and some even reveal a pattern name or the date when it was produced. Do an Internet search to determine an appoximate value.

How do you identify earthenware?

Earthenware. Often less expensive than other types of dinnerware, earthenware is ceramic that has been glazed and fired. It has a thick, heavy, and rustic look and feel, but is not as durable and strong as other types of dinnerware and is prone to chipping. Dishware with hand-painted designs are typically earthenware.

How old is my yellow ware bowl?

The following are several tips to determine age and origin of yellow ware: Mold marks and designs mean the piece is from the mid 1800s or later. On bowls, the lips of pieces made in the 1800s are usually rolled. Bowls from the 1900s typically have lips that are much less rounded or they have a rim that is wide collared